__Electronic Proceedings
of the 12 ^{th} Asian Technology Conference in Mathematics__

**Abstract for 12854**

* The Effectiveness of The Contextual Approach To The Teaching And *

* Learning Statistics In The Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia *

*(UTHM)*

Authors: nafisah kamariah md kamaruddin, Assoc Prof Dr Wan Mohd

Rashid Wan Ahmad

Affiliations: Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Universiti Tun

Hussein Onn Malaysia (UTHM)

Keywords: Undergraduate Level, Contextual, statistics, mathematics

lab, video, pbl

In 1997, the Technical Education Department under the Ministry of

Education, Malaysia, introduced the contextual approach in teaching

and learning mathematics, additional mathematics, physics, chemistry

and biology in all Malaysian technical secondary schools. From 1998

to 2000 more than 80% of the UTHM intake was from Malaysian

Technical Secondary Schools. Thus it was UTHM’s obligation to

introduce this program as a continual process in higher learning

institutions, and thus in 2001, contextual approach in teaching and

learning mathematics was introduced in Centre of Science Studies in

UTHM. The implementation of contextual approach in UTHM is already

more than four years; however there is no proper module of teaching

and learning mathematics contextually and there is no experimental

research that has been done to study whether this method is

effective. Thus, this research is to study the effectiveness of the

contextual approach.

Contextual learning means learning that incorporate examples that

are drawn from everyday experiences in personal, societal and

occupational life and that provide concrete hands-on applications of

material to be learned (First Tech Prep National Convention, 1997).

The contextual learning key elements are to develop subject matter

content, to involve students in doing, to make the connection

between content and practice, to practice cooperative learning and

to carry out learning in workplace setting (First Tech Prep National

Convention, 1997). This research will focus on the contextual

approach in teaching and learning mathematics for the second year

degree technical students from the Faculty of Technical Education,

UTHM. The objectives of this research are as follow:

1. To determine whether using statistics video clips embedded in

power point presentations in learning statistics helps students to

understand the statistics concepts

2. To determine whether using mathematical lab using SPSS in

learning statistics helps students to understand the statistics

concepts

3. To determine whether there is a significant difference between

the test result of the contextual group with the non-contextual

group.

In this research, a quasi-experimental research design is used. The

research instruments will be the questionnaires. 3 quizzes and test.

Researchers will designed questionnaires which will consist of 5

main sections : Background, Teaching and learning approach, Video,

Class activities, Statistics lab. Likert scale was used as a form of

measurement. Solomon’s Four-Group Design will be used where the

students will be divided into four groups: 2 control groups and 2

treated groups as shown in the attachment. This design allows the

researcher to assess whether there is an interaction between the

treatment and the pretest. This design combines two basic

experimental designs.

This research will produce a proper implementation of contextual

approach in teaching and learning mathematics in higher learning

institutions. Hence it will help students to learn mathematics and

most importantly to apply it in their engineering subjects.

PO Box 11143 | Blacksburg, VA 24062-1143 | USA