Smooth Transition from 2D to 3D using Dynamic Software
iCT Training Centre
Securing a smooth transition from 2D to 3D using dynamic software
iCT Training Centre, Oundle School, Peterborough, UK
Autograph now has a comprehensive selection of 2D and 3D coordinate
geometry tools available, and this presentation will argue that the
transition from 2D to 3D can be made easier if 3D methods are
anticipated in 2D.
For example the straight line: there are many forms for the straight
line, but the vector form commonly used in 3D also works in 2D. The
implicit form for a 2D line ax + by = c
and its normal vector [a, b], has an immediate parallel with the plane
ax + by + cz = d
and its normal vector [a, b, c]. This can be nicely illustrated with
Also the dot-product definition of the 3D plane is the same as a
dot-product definition of a straight line in 2D.
Common transformations in 2D, such as enlargement, rotation (about a
point), reflection (in a line) become in 3D: enlargement (often used by
movie-makers), rotation (about a line) and reflection (in a plane).
The gradient (slope) of a curve in 2D (defined by the tangent and its
normal vector) becomes the slope of a surface, defined by the tangent
plane and its normal vector.
Many school curricula have dropped the study of 3D coordinate geometry
on the pretext that it is hard to visualise. This presentation will
argue that the tools are available now and that this important topic
area should be restored into mainstream mathematics teaching in